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Table 2 Characteristics of the surgical procedure

From: Perioperative statin medication impairs pulmonary outcome after abdomino-thoracic esophagectomy

Variable All patients Propensity score-matched patients
Statin ( −) patients (n = 91) Statin ( +) patients (n = 26) p value psmStatin ( −) patients (n = 52) psmStatin ( +) patients (n = 26) p value
Main procedure
 COS 63a (69.2%) 23 (88.5%) 0.0758 41 (78.8%) 23 (88.5%) 0.3633
 LAE 28 (30.8%) 3 (11.5%)   11 (21.2%) 3 (11.5%)  
 Thoracic anastomosis 88a (96.7%) 20 (76.9%) 0.0037 50 (96.2%) 20 (76.9%) 0.0145
 Cervical anastomosis 3 (3.3%) 6 (23.1%)   2 (3.8%) 6 (23.1%)  
Lymph node dissection 91 (100%) 26 (100%) 1 52 (100%) 26 (100%) 1
Relevant abdomino/thoracic extended procedures (additional to esophagectomy) [n] Major lung resection: 1 Major lung resection: 1   Major lung resection: 0 Major lung resection: 1  
Minor lung resection: 4 Minor lung resection: 2   Minor lung resection: 4 Minor lung resection: 2  
Minor liver resection: 9 Minor liver resection: 2   Minor liver resection: 4 Minor liver resection: 2  
Jejunum catheter: 3 Jejunum catheter: 1   Jejunum catheter: 2 Jejunum catheter: 1  
Cholecystectomy: 4 Cholecystectomy: 0   Cholecystectomy: 2 Cholecystectomy: 0  
Colon resection: 2 Colon resection: 1   Colon resection: 0 Colon resection: 1  
Appendectomy: 2 Appendectomy: 0   Appendectomy: 1 Appendectomy: 0  
Omentectomy: 3 Omentectomy: 1   Omentectomy: 1 Omentectomy: 1  
Left adrenalectomy: 1 Left adrenalectomy: 0   Left adrenalectomy: 0 Left adrenalectomy: 0  
Other minor resections: 4 Other minor resections: 2   Other minor resections: 1 Other minor resections: 2  
n patients 27 (29.7%) 9 (34.6%) 0.6366 13 (25.0%) 9 (34.6%) 0.4286
Duration of the thoracic part of esophagectomy procedure [min] 126 (67–423) 127.5 (45.0–228.0)b 0.2078 119.5 (67.0–304.0) 127.5 (45.0–228.0)b 0.5955
Total duration of surgery [min] 297 (177–635) 296 (191–537) 0.9556 285.5 (177.0–534.0) 296.0 (191.0–537.0) 0.7829
Blood loss [ml] 500 (50–2500) 600 (200–4800) 0.3454 505 (100–2500) 600 (200–4800) 0.4501
IO transfusion [n pat] 24 (26.4%) 5 (19.2%) 0.6084 16 (30.8%) 5 (19.2%) 0.4172
PO transfusion [n pat] 24 (26.4%) 12 (46.2%) 0.0898 16 (30.8%) 12 (46.2%) 0.2156
Peridural anesthesia 69 (75.8%) 18 (69.2%) 0.6109 35 (67.3%) 18 (69.2%) 1
  1. Data are given in median and minimum to maximum ranges or n (%). aEsophago-gastrectomy with colon interposition in one case. bNot available retrospectively in 2 patients. psm Propensity score matched, COS Conventional open surgery (i.e., laparotomy/thoracotomy, including patients who underwent conversion from an initially intended LAE to open surgery), LAE hybrid minimally invasive, laparoscopically assisted esophagectomy (i.e., laparoscopy/thoracotomy), IO Intraoperative, PO Postoperative