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Table 2 Surgical and anesthetic data

From: The effect of opioid-sparing anesthesia regimen on short-term cognitive function after thoracoscopic surgery: a prospective cohort study

  Group ESPB (n = 30) Group control (n = 30) Statistics P value
Left lung surgery (n (%)) 10 (33.3%) 13 (43.3%) 0.585 0.597
Surgical procedure (n (%))    0.067 1.000
 Segmentectomy 14 (46.7%) 15 (50%)   
 Lobectomy 16 (53.3%) 15 (50%)   
Sufentanil dose during surgery (μg/kg) 0.43 ± 0.11 0.54 ± 0.10 − 4.457 <0.001*
Remifentanil dose during surgery (μg/kg·min) 0.10 ± 0.05 0.12 ± 0.04 0.050 0.960
Duration of anesthesia (min) 142 ± 42 166 ± 56 − 1.772 0.081
Duration of surgery (min) 109 ± 38 131 ± 54 − 1.676 0.099
Extubation time (min) 20 (10, 20.75) 20 (13.75, 30) − 0.818 0.414
Patients received ≥ two doses of vasopressors (n (%)) 5 (8.1%) 6 (20%) 6.107 0.411
Resting pain score at 48 h 0 (0, 1.25) 1 (0, 1.25) − 1.168 0.243
Coughing pain score at 48 h 3 (3, 3) 3 (2, 4) − 0.775 0.439
Cumulative equivalent sufentanil dose at 48 h (μg/kg) 0.52 ± 0.13 0.69 ± 0.22 − 3.771 0.001*
Chest tube drainage (days) 2.5 (2, 3) 2.5 (2, 3) − 0.219 0.827
Hospital stay (days) 3.5 (3, 4) 4 (3, 5) − 0.237 0.813
Incidence of DNR (n (%)) 9 (30%) 15 (50%) 2.500 0.187
 DNR in middle-aged 9/18 (50%) 13/15 (86.7%)   
 DNR in low level education 6/10 (60%) 13/15 (86.7%)   
Preoperative Cogstate test
 Detection (log10 ms) 2.71 ± 0.13 2.69 ± 0.12 − 1.064 0.292
 Identification (log10 ms) 2.88 ± 0.12 2.88 ± 0.13 − 1.249 0.217
Postoperative Cogstate test
 Detection (log10 ms) 2.80 ± 0.13 2.83 ± 0.15 − 1.064 0.292
 Identification (log10 ms) 2.93 ± 0.13 2.97 ± 0.11 − 1.249 0.217
 One-card learning (arcsine accuracy) 0.91 ± 0.09 0.90 ± 0.08 0.173 0.864
 One-back memory (arcsine accuracy) 1.17 ± 0.22) 1.10 ± 0.26 1.038 0.305
  1. Group ESPB group erector spinae plane block, Group Control group intercostal nerve block. Oxycodone 1 mg = sufentanil 1ug (Han et al. 2018). DNR delayed neurocognitive recovery. Data are shown as mean ± SD, median (Q1, Q3), or numbers (%). *P < 0.05