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Table 4 Comparison between frail and non-frail patients

From: Frailty in the over 65’s undergoing elective surgery (FIT-65) – a three-day study examining the prevalence of frailty in patients presenting for elective surgery

  Not frail (n = 181) Frail (n = 37) p-value
Age (years)
  74 (IQR 70–79) 78 (IQR 74–86)  < 0.001
Gender
 Female 81 (44.8%) 22 (59.5%) 0.102
 Male 100 (55.2%) 15 (40.5%)  
BMI
  27.0 (IQR 24.0–30.4) 26.0 (IQR 24.1–29.4) 0.297
Smoking status
 Never/Ex 167 (95.4% 28 (87.5%) 0.095
 Current 8 (4.6%) 4 (12.5%)  
Any carers
 No carers 176 (97.2%) 28 (75.7%)  < 0.001
 Carers 5 (2.8%) 9 (24.3%)  
Walking aids
 Yes 39 (21.5%) 22 (59.5%)  < 0.001
Hearing aids
 Yes 28 (15.6%) 9 (24.3%) 0.196
Visual aids
 Yes 145 (80.6%) 32 (86.5%) 0.397
Cardiac disease
 Yes 83 (45.9%) 26 (74.3%) 0.002
Diabetes
 Non-diabetic 149 (82.8%) 26 (70.3%) 0.079
 Diabetic 31 (17.2%) 11 (29.7%)  
ECG abnormalities
 Normal or rate controlled AF 110 (81.5%) 16 (61.5%) 0.024
 AF rate > 90, paced or other dysrhythmia 25 (18.5%) 10 (38.5%)  
ASA score
Not documented 68 (37.6%) 12 (32.4%)  < 0.001
 1 4 (2.2%) -  
 2 70 (38.7%) 5 (13.5%)  
 3 35 (19.4%) 18 (48.7%)  
 4 4 (2.2%) 2 (5.4%)  
Haemoglobin (g/L)a
  135.1 (± 14.8) 126.4 (± 14.8) 0.005
Anaemia (Haemoglobin < 130 g/L)a
 Yes 43/132 (32.6%) 18/29 (62.1%) 0.003
Length of stay (days)
  0 (IQR 0–2) 0 (IQR 0–4) 0.681
Discharged to own home
 No 1 (0.6%) 6 (17.1%)  < 0.001
 Yes 178 (99.4%) 29 (82.9%)  
  1. a Data available for 161 participants