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Table 1 Characteristics of Veterans Health Administration patient receiving OSS 1 procedures without general anesthesia in fiscal year 2019

From: Frequency and costs of low-value preoperative tests for patients undergoing low-risk procedures in the veterans health administration

Patient characteristics (%) Any preop-test  
No
92,448 (51.7)
Yes
86,327 (48.3)
Total
178,775a
Age, mean (SD) 65.5 (15.0) 68.3 (12.3) 66.9 (13.8)
Gender, No. (%)
 Male 83,029 (50.9) 80,236 (49.1) 163,265 (91.3)
 Female 9419 (60.7) 6091 (39.3) 15,510 (8.7)
Race/ethnicity, No. (%)
 Native American 676 (53.9) 579 (46.1) 1254 (0.7)
 Asian 663 58.0) 480 (42.0) 1143 (0.6)
 Black 16,371 (49.4) 16,789 (50.6) 33,160 (18.5)
 Hawaiian, Pacific Islander 724 (50.8) 700 (49.2) 1424 (0.8)
 White 69,240 (52.1) 63,662 (47.9) 132,902 (74.3)
 Missing 4774 (53.7) 4118 (46.3) 8892 (5.0)
Marital status, No. (%)
 Married 47,703 (51.9) 44,263 (48.1) 91,966 (51.4)
 Not married 44,745 (51.5) 42,064 (48.5) 86,806 (48.6)
Service connection
 Less than 50% 52,707 (51.6) 49,358 (48.4) 102,065 (57.1)
 More than 50% 39,741 (51.8) 36,969 (48.2) 76,710 (42.9)
Past year elixhauser comorbidities, No. (%)
 Congestive heart failure 6732 (31.4) 14,728 (68.6) 21,460 (12.0)
 AIDS 495 (39.1) 772 (60.9) 1267 (0.7)
 Cardiac arrhythmia 13,972 (37.4) 23,340 (62.6) 37,312 (20.9)
 Pulmonary circulation disorders 1631 (28.1) 4183 (71.9) 5814 (3.2)
 Peripheral vascular disease 10,434 (39.2) 16,197 (60.8) 26,631 (14.9)
 Hypertension 49,644 (46.2) 57,685 (53.7) 107,329 (60.0)
 Hypertension with complications 8221 (31.4) 17,926 (68.6) 26,147 (14.6)
 Paralysis 1587 (42.8) 2123 (57.2) 3710 (2.1)
 Other neurological disorders 5821 (40.0) 8766 (60.0) 14,587 (8.2)
 Chronic pulmonary disease 17243 (41.1) 24,665 (28.9) 41,908 (23.4)
 Diabetes mellitus 22,651 (43.8) 29,070 (56.2) 51,721 (28.9)
 Diabetes mellitus with complications 17,726 (40.5) 26,055 (59.5) 43,781 (24.5)
 Hypothyroidism 6928 (44.4) 8664 (55.6) 15,592 (8.7)
 Renal failure 10,285 (33.5) 20,390 (66.5) 30,675 (17.2)
 Liver disease 5815 (38.0) 9479 (62.0) 15,294 (8.6)
 Peptic ulcer 502 (32.1) 1064 (67.9) 1566 (0.9)
 Lymphoma 748 (24.5) 2309 (75.5) 3057 (1.7)
 Metastatic cancer 1506 (21.9) 5379 (78.1) 6885 (3.9)
 Solid tumor w/o metastasis 25,998 (47.7) 28,483 (52.3) 54,481 (30.5)
 Rheumatoid arthritis 2191 (42.9) 2912 (57.1) 5103 (2.9)
 Coagulopathy 1950 (27.9) 5040 (72.1) 6990 (3.9)
 Obesity 15,790 (46.2) 18,363 (53.8) 34,153 (19.1)
 Weight loss 2912 (29.6) 6932 (70.4) 9844 (5.5)
 Fluid and electrolyte disorders 6378 (26.8) 17,383 (73.2) 23,761 (13.3)
 Blood loss anemia 731 (25.9) 2087 (74.1) 2818 (1.6)
 Deficiency anemia 4904 (32.9) 9998 (67.1) 14,902 (8.2)
 Alcohol abuse 2257 (35.4) 4114 (64.6) 6371 (3.6)
 Drug abuse 4445 (45.8) 5253 (54.1) 9698 (5.4)
 Psychosis 1602 (44.0) 2040 (56.0) 3642 (2.0)
 Depression 22,404 (48.0) 24,295 (52.0) 46,699 (26.1)
  1. aTotal represents 178,775 procedures (separated by at least 30 days) in 148,728 patients.