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Table 1 Demographics, intraoperative characteristics, post-operative fluid balance, and outcomes of study population compared to baseline

From: Proof-of-concept for intervention to prevent post-operative ileus in patients undergoing ileostomy formation

  Baseline
n = 261
Study period
n = 58
p value
Demographics
 Gender
  Female 119 (45.6%) 30 (51.7%) 0.47
  Male 142 (54.4%) 28 (48.3%)
 Age (years) 50.4 46.2 0.06
 Body mass index (kg/m2) 25.4 25.5 0.91
Intraoperative characteristics
 Operative approach
  Open 45 (17.2%) 12 (20.7%) 0.41
  Laparoscopic 150 (57.5%) 36 (62.1%)
  Robotic 66 (25.3%) 10 (17.2%)
 Ileostomy type
  Diverting loop ileostomy 173 (66.3%) 43 (74.1%) 0.28
  End ileostomy 88 (33.7%) 15 (25.9%)
  Procedure duration (min) 289.9 290.8 0.95
Post-operative characteristics
Two-day ileostomy output (L) 0.8 1.1 < 0.001
Two-day post-operative fluid balance (L) 2.1 0.3 < 0.001
Outcomes
Post-operative ileus rate 85 (32.6%) 8 (13.8%) 0.004
Post-procedure length of stay (days) 7.2 5.3 < 0.001
Direct cost $27,213 $21,652 0.004
 30-day readmissions 46 (17.6%) 7 (12.1%) 0.43