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Table 3 Complications (n = 118)

From: Maxillofacial free flap surgery outcomes in critical care: a single-center investigation looking for clues to improvement

Variables Value
Surgical 69 (58.5)
 Wound healing 33 (28.0)
 Wound infection 21 (17.8)
 Hemorrhage 17 (14.4)
 Partial necrosis 13 (11.0)
 Orostoma 11 (9.3)
 Venous thrombosis 10 (8.5)
 Postoperative tracheotomy 8 (6.8)
 Total necrosis 8 (6.8)
 Arterial thrombosis 5 (4.2)
Surgical reintervention 36 (30.5)
Medical 47 (39.8)
 Pneumonia 30 (25.4)
 Metabolic 8 (6.8)
 Neurological 6 (5.1)
 Cardiovascular 5 (4.2)
 Extra-pulmonary sepsis 5 (4.2)
 Atrial fibrillation 4 (3.4)
 Acute lung edema 3 (2.5)
 Abdominal 3 (2.5)
 Respiratory (pneumonia excluded) 2 (1.7)
 Pulmonary embolism 2 (1.7)
Infectious 47 (39.8)
Any complication 84 (71.2)
Major complication 39 (33.1)
Prolonged ICU LOS 55 (46.6)
ICU readmission 12 (10.2)
Mortality  
 During hospitalization 1 (0.9)
 1 year (n = 116) 14 (12.1)
  1. Categorical variables are presented as n (%) and continuous variables as mean ± SD
  2. ICU intensive care unit, LOS length of stay
  3. Due to missing data, the number of patients included is presented as (n =) after each variable
  4. Wound healing and wound infection problems include both donor and recipient sites while other surgical complications were observed only at the recipient site
  5. Metabolic complications include significant ionic and glycemic disturbances