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Table 2 Perioperative data

From: Maxillofacial free flap surgery outcomes in critical care: a single-center investigation looking for clues to improvement

Variables Value
Surgical indication (n = 118)  
 Primary tumoral resection 88 (74.6)
 Delayed reconstruction after tumoral resection 15 (12.7)
 Osteoradionecrosis 9 (7.6)
 Trauma 3 (2.5)
 Others 3 (2.5)
Resection site (n = 98*)  
 Bone 54 (55.1)
 Soft tissue 26 (26.5)
 Broad resection 16 (16.3)
 Others 2 (2.0)
Cancer context (n = 118) 97 (82.2)
 Squamous cell carcinoma 87 (73.7)
Past head and neck radiotherapy (n = 118) 27 (22.9)
Past chemotherapy (n = 114) 22 (19.3)
Past head and neck FF failure (n = 118) 5 (4.2)
Preoperative hemoglobinemia (g/dL) (n = 76) 13.0 ± 1.6
Flap (n = 118)  
 Radial forearm 55 (46.6)
 Fibula 63 (53.4)
Ischemia time (min) (n = 98) 56.3 ± 29.9
Operative time (h) (n = 114) 7.1 ± 1.9
Intraoperative IV fluids (mL.kg−1.h−1) (n = 108) 9.8 ± 3.3
Intraoperative blood transfusion (n = 118) 74 (62.8)
ICU LOS (days) 5.8 ± 4.9
Total LOS (days) 21.2 ± 16.4
  1. Categorical variables presented as n (%) and continuous variables as mean ± SD
  2. FF free flap, ICU intensive care unit, IV intravenous, LOS length of stay
  3. *Delayed reconstructions for any indication were excluded from the patient count