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Table 5 Postponed cases by diagnosis (n = 36)

From: Psychological distress among elderly surgical patients who had their surgery postponed during the COVID-19 pandemic

Variables Non-cancer (n = 30) Cancer (n = 6)  
Number (%) or Median (IQR) Number (%) or Median (IQR) p value
Age group (years)   0.806
 65–74 22 (73.3) 4 (66.7)  
 75–84 7 (23.3) 2 (33.3)
 ≥ 85 1 (3.3) 0 (0.0)
Gender   0.541
 Male 19 (63.3) 3 (50.0)  
 Female 11 (36.7) 3 (50.0)
Ethnicity   0.362
 Malay 4 (13.3) 0 (0.0)  
 Chinese 22 (73.3) 4 (66.7)
 Indian 4 (13.3) 2 (33.3)
Nature of surgery   0.073
 Minor 25 (83.3) 3 (50.0)  
 Major 5 (16.7) 3 (50.0)
Surgical specialty   0.018*
 Breast surgery 0 (0.0) 2 (33.3)  
 Colorectal surgery 1 (3.3) 1 (16.7)
 Endocrine surgery 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
 Hepatobiliary surgery 2 (6.7) 0 (0.0)
 Upper gastrointestinal surgery 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
 Cardiothoracic surgery 1 (3.3) 0 (0.0)
 Gynaecology 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
 Neurosurgery 2 (6.7) 0 (0.0)
 Ophthalmology 10 (33.3) 0 (0.0)
 Orthopaedic surgery 1 (3.3) 0 (0.0)
 Otolaryngology 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
 Plastic surgery 0 (0.) 1 (16.7)
 Urology 12 (40.0) 2 (33.3)
 Vascular surgery 1 (3.3) 0 (0.0)
ASA physical status   0.187
 ASA I 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)  
 ASA II 23 (76.7) 6 (100.0)
 ASA III 7 (23.3) 0 (0.0)
HADS anxiety   0.183
 Normal (0–7) 23 (76.7) 3 (50.0)  
 Borderline abnormal (8–10) / Abnormal (11–21) 7 (23.3) 3 (50.0)
 Anxiety score 4.00 (0.00–7.25) 7.00 (0.75–10.00) 0.467
HADS depression   1.000
 Normal (0–7) 25 (83.3) 5 (83.3)  
 Borderline abnormal (8–10) / Abnormal (11–21) 5 (16.7) 1 (16.7)
 Depression score 0.50 (0.00–2.75) 4.00 (0.75–7.50) 0.186
SF-36 scale scores  
 Physical functioning 70.00 (58.75–96.25) 70.00 (38.75–91.25) 0.576
 Role limitations due to physical health 100.00 (100.00–100.00) 75.00 (0.00–100.00) 0.201
 Bodily pain 90.00 (67.50–100.00) 83.75 (52.50–100.00) 0.852
 General health 70.00 (55.00–86.25) 50.00 (41.25–56.25) 0.016*
 Vitality 85.00 (73.75–95.00) 52.50 (45.00–85.00) 0.018*
 Social functioning 100.00 (100.00–100.00) 93.75 (56.25–100.00) 0.233
 Role limitations due to emotional problems 100.00 (100.00–100.00) 100.00 (0.00––100.00) 0.394
 Mental health 92.00 (80.00–97.00) 80.00 (62.00–100.00) 0.493
Appetite   0.193
 Normal 29 (96.7) 5 (83.3)  
 Decreased 1 (3.3) 1 (16.7)
Fear of disease progression due to surgery postponement   0.035*
 No 23 (76.7) 2 (33.3)  
 Yes 7 (23.3) 4 (66.7)
  1. ASA American Society of Anesthesiologists, HADS Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, SF-36 36-item Short Form Health Survey, IQR interquartile range