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Table 2 Patient and surgical-related characteristics based on non-postponed (n = 117) versus postponed cases (n = 36)

From: Psychological distress among elderly surgical patients who had their surgery postponed during the COVID-19 pandemic

Variables Non-postponed (n = 117) Postponed (n = 36)  
Number (%) or Median (IQR) Number (%) or Median (IQR) p value
Age group (years)   0.666
 65–74 77 (65.8) 26 (72.2)  
 75–84 33 (28.2) 9 (25.0)
 ≥ 85 7 (6.0) 1 (2.8)
Gender   0.139
 Male 55 (47.0) 22 (61.1)  
 Female 62 (53.0) 14 (38.9)
Ethnicity   0.383
 Malay 25 (21.4) 4 (11.1)  
 Chinese 71 (60.7) 26 (72.2)
 Indian 18 (15.4) 6 (16.7)
 Others 3 (2.6) 0 (0.0)
Diagnosis   0.006*
 Non-cancer 68 (58.1) 30 (83.3)  
 Cancer 49 (41.9) 6 (16.7)
Nature of surgery   0.002*
 Minor 57 (48.7) 28 (77.8)  
 Major 60 (51.3) 8 (22.2)
Surgical specialty   0.023*
 Breast surgery 15 (12.8) 2 (5.6)  
 Colorectal surgery 6 (5.1) 2 (5.6)
 Endocrine surgery 7 (6.0) 0 (0.0)
 Hepatobiliary surgery 7 (6.0) 2 (5.6)
 Upper gastrointestinal surgery 7 (6.0) 0 (0.0)
 Cardiothoracic surgery 7 (6.0) 1 (2.8)
 Gynaecology 10 (8.5) 0 (0.0)
 Neurosurgery 4 (3.4) 2 (5.6)
 Ophthalmology 24 (20.5) 10 (27.8)
 Orthopaedic surgery 5 (4.3) 1 (2.8)
 Otolaryngology 5 (4.3) 0 (0.0)
 Plastic surgery 1 (0.9) 1 (2.8)
 Urology 13 (11.1) 14 (38.9)
 Vascular surgery 6 (5.1) 1 (2.8)
ASA physical status   0.720
 ASA I 2 (1.7) 0 (0.0)  
 ASA II 91 (77.8) 29 (80.6)
 ASA III 24 (20.5) 7 (19.4)
HADS anxiety   0.640
 Normal (0–7) 89 (76.1) 26 (72.2)  
 Borderline abnormal (8–10) / Abnormal (11–21) 28 (23.9) 10 (27.8)
 Anxiety score 2.00 (0.00–7.00) 4.00 (0.00–8.00) 0.180
HADS depression   0.297
 Normal (0–7) 105 (89.7) 30 (83.3)  
 Borderline abnormal (8–10) / Abnormal (11–21) 12 (10.3) 6 (16.7)
 Depression score 0.00 (0.00–3.00) 1.00 (0.00–5.75) 0.424
SF-36 scale scores  
 Physical functioning 75.00 (50.00–90.00) 70.00 (56.25–95.00) 0.882
 Role limitations due to physical health 100.00 (0.00–100.00) 100.00 (81.25–100.00) 0.025*
 Bodily pain 90.00 (68.75–100.00) 90.00 (67.50–100.00) 0.923
 General health 65.00 (50.00–80.00) 60.00 (50.00–80.00) 0.666
 Vitality 80.00 (65.00–90.00) 85.00 (60.00–95.00) 0.440
 Social functioning 100.00 (100.00–100.00) 100.00 (100.00–100.00) 0.953
 Role limitations due to emotional problems 100.00 (100.00–100.00) 100.00 (100.00–100.00) 0.404
 Mental health 92.00 (80.00–96.00) 92.00 (80.00–99.00) 0.846
Appetite   0.153
 Normal 100 (85.5) 34 (94.4)  
 Decreased 17 (14.5) 2 (5.6)
  1. ASA American Society of Anesthesiologists, HADS Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, SF-36 36-item Short Form Health Survey, IQR interquartile range