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Table 2 Categories of perioperative recommendations made in PAC visit notes, with proportion of recommendations followed, proportion followed preoperatively, and proportion followed postoperatively

From: Barriers and facilitators of following perioperative internal medicine recommendations by surgical teams: a sequential, explanatory mixed-methods study

Recommendation Type Eligible consult notesa
n (%)
Consult notes with any recommendation
n (%)
All recommendations followed
n (%)
Consult notes with preoperative recommendations
n (%)b
Preoperative recommendations followed
n (%)c
Consult notes with postoperative recommendations
n (%)b
Postoperative recommendations followed
n (%)c
All types 255 255 (100.0) 142 (55.7) 205 (80.4) 103 (50.2) 249 (97.6) 137 (55.0)
Any home medication 248 (97.3) 242 (97.6) 144 (59.5) 242 (97.6) 90 (37.2) 122 (49.2) 67 (54.9)
Antiplatelet and anticoagulation
 Home medication 101 (39.6) 97 (96.0) 64 (63.3) 96 (99.0) 62 (64.6) 56 (55.4) 28 (50.0)
 DVT prophylaxis 192 (75.3) 137 (71.4) 102 (74.5) n/a n/a 137 (71.4) 102 (74.5)
Opioids
 Home medication 28 (11.0) 22 (78.6) 18 (81.8) 22 (78.6) 18 (81.8) 4 (14.3) 0
 Withdrawal management 28 (11.0) 1 (3.6) 0 n/a n/a 1 (3.6) 0
Diabetes
 Home medication 72 (28.2) 60 (83.3) 42 (70.0) 60 (83.3) 44 (73.3) 32 (44.4) 29 (90.6)
 Hospital management 72 (28.2) 32 (44.4) 26 (81.3) n/a n/a 32 (44.4) 26 (81.3)
Cardiac
 Cardiac biomarkers 192 (75.3) 119 (62.0) 82 (68.9) n/r n/r 119 (62.0) 82 (68.9)
 Home medications 157 (61.6) 141 (89.8) 114 (80.9) 141 (89.8) 114 (80.9) 51 (32.5) 36 (70.6)
Delirium management 49 (19.2) 5 (10.2) 2 (40.0) n/a n/a 5 (10.2) 2 (40.0)
  1. aEligible consult notes refer to the number of PAC visit notes that could have included a recommendation in that category, based on the patient’s past medical history or home medications. This serves as the denominator for the proportions reported
  2. bPercent of eligible patients in each row category
  3. cPercent of recommendations followed over recommendations made
  4. n/a not applicable, n/r not reported