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Table 1 Characteristics of patients and surgeries included in the analysis

From: Barriers and facilitators of following perioperative internal medicine recommendations by surgical teams: a sequential, explanatory mixed-methods study

Characteristic Full cohort
n (%)
All recommendations followed
n (%)
Missed recommendations
n (%)
p value*
Cohort 255 (100.0) 142 (55.7) 113 (44.3)  
Age (median, IQR) 66 (57–72) 64 (52–71) 67 (60–73) 0.01
Female 161 (63.1) 96 (59.6) 65 (40.4) 0.10
Male 94 (36.9) 46 (48.9) 48 (51.1)
Inpatient surgeries 188 (73.7) 188 (54.3) 86 (45.7) 0.16
Day surgeries 67 (26.3) 40 (59.7) 27 (40.3)
Surgical discipline
 General surgery 79 (28.8) 45 (57.0) 34 (43.0)  
 Spine surgery 50 (18.2) 23 (46.0) 27 (54.0)  
 Neurosurgery 32 (11.7) 13 (40.6) 19 (59.4)  
 General gynecology 29 (10.6) 19 (65.5) 10 (34.5)  
 Gynecology oncology 26 (9.5) 19 (73.1) 7 (26.9)  
 Otolaryngology 11 (4.0) 7 (63.6) 4 (36.4)  
 Plastic surgery 10 (3.6) 7 (70.0) 3 (30.0)  
 Thoracic surgery 6 (2.2) 1 (16.7) 5 (83.3)  
 Orthopedics 9 (3.3) 6 (66.7) 3 (33.3)  
 Cardiac surgery 1 (0.4) 1 (100.0) 0  
 Dentistry 1 (0.4) 0 1 (100.0)  
 Urology 1 (0.4) 1 (100.0) 0  
  1. Mann-Whitney U test
  2. Chi-square