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Table 3 Case characteristics

From: The effect of adding goal-directed hemodynamic management for elective patients in an established enhanced recovery program for colorectal surgery: results of quasi-experimental pragmatic trial

Variable Pre-ERP
(n = 246)
ERP
(n = 140)
ERP + GDHT
(n = 237)
P value
Surgery type     < 0.001
 Colectomy 216 (87.8%) 101 (72.1%) 188 (79.2%)  
 Proctocolectomy 30 (12.2%) 39 (27.9%) 49 (20.8%)  
Laparoscopic cases 188 (76.4%) 95 (67.9%) 154 (65.1%) 0.023
Wound classification     0.085
 Clean 1 (0.4%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%)  
 Clean contaminated 157 (63.8%) 70 (50.0%) 138 (58.1%)  
 Contaminated 58 (23.6%) 46 (32.9%) 62 (26.3%)  
 Dirty/infected 30 (12.2%) 24 (17.1%) 37 (15.7%)  
Surgical wound closure     0.14
 All layers closed 244 (99.2%) 139 (99.3%) 230 (97.0%)  
  1. Data are shown as the number and percentage (%) of patients per group.
  2. ERP enhanced recovery program, GDHT goal-directed hemodynamic therapy, n number