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Table 4 Outcomes of colorectal surgery patient cohorts analyzed for ONS and non-ONS use after matching

From: Impact of early postoperative oral nutritional supplement utilization on clinical outcomes in colorectal surgery

Outcome After matching
  ONS (n = 267) Percentage Non-ONS (n = 534) Percentage P value*
 ICU after POD3 16 6 56 10.5 0.0384
 In-hospital mortality 3 1.1 14 2.6 0.18
 Myocardial infarction 5 1.9 18 3.4 0.24
 RBC transfusion 87 32.6 147 27.5 0.14
 Thrombosis (DVT, PE) 0 0 0 0 None
 Pneumonia 7 2.6 33 6.2 0.034
 Infection 18 6.7 63 11.8 0.027
 GI complication 44 16.5 120 22.5 0.049
 30-day readmission 34 12.7 68 12.7 1
 90-day readmission 52 19.5 97 18.2 0.65
  Median IQR Median IQR  
 LOS 7 (4, 10) 6 (4, 9) 0.3471
 Hospital cost 16,132.94 (11,472.1, 22,448.69) 14,279.46 (10,102.68, 19,844.54) 0.3454
  1. ICU intensive care unit, POD postoperative day, RBC red blood cell, DVT deep vein thrombosis, PE pulmonary embolism, GI gastrointestinal, LOS length of stay, IQR interquartile range
  2. *Univariable logistic regression for binary outcomes or paired t test for continuous outcomes