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Table 3 Secondary outcome measures—unadjusted comparison (univariate)

From: Using provider-focused education toolkits can aid enhanced recovery programs to further reduce patient exposure to opioids

 Pre-implementation, N = 869Post-implementation, N = 838p value
Recovery 
 Post-procedure LOS, days; mean (SD)5.13 (5.02)4.86 (5.3)0.29
 Time to first ambulation, hours; mean (SD)15.50 (14.3)16.21 (18.7)0.41
 Urinary catheter duration, hours; mean (SD)44.16 (46.5)44.77 (43.8)0.80
 Time to solid food, days; mean (SD)2.63 (3)1.95 (2)< 0.0001
Pain 
 Postop day 1, average pain score++; mean (SD)2.6 (1.9)3 (1.9)0.0001
 Postop day 2, average pain score; mean (SD)2.6 (1.9)3 (1.8)0.0003
 Discharge opioid, Rx quantity; OME mean (SD)469 (528)315 (433)< 0.001
Morbidity 
 Return to operating room within 30 days3.11%3.22%0.89
 Readmission within 30 days17.26%14.56%0.13
  1. LOS length of stay
  2. ++Pain scores are based on visual analog scale from 0 to 10