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Table 4 Preoperative and intraoperative factors associated with postoperative acute kidney injury by multivariable logistic regression analysis

From: Large volume infusions of hydroxyethyl starch during cardiothoracic surgery may be associated with postoperative kidney injury: propensity-matched analysis

  Odds ratio (95% confidence interval) p value
Age 1.04 (0.99–1.10) 0.13
Male gender 2.42 (0.80–7.33) 0.12
Body mass index (kg/m2) 1.19 (1.02–1.39) 0.028
Hypertension 2.25 (0.75–6.73) 0.15
Diabetes mellitus 1.19 (0.24–5.91) 0.83
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 1.00 (0.99–1.02) 0.22
Chronic heart failure 0.59 (0.18–1.95) 0.38
American Society of Anesthesiologists classification 1.73 (0.85–3.49) 0.13
Angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors 0.91 (0.18–4.68) 0.91
Angiotensin receptor blockers 0.91 (0.27–3.02) 0.87
Atrial fibrillation 6.18 (1.71–22.3) 0.0054
Emergency 2.48 (0.76–8.10) 0.13
Operative time (hour) 1.31 (0.76–2.27) 0.33
Cardiopulmonary bypass time (min) 1.31 (0.76–2.27) 0.55
Estimated blood loss (/100 mL) 1.16 (1.03–1.30) 0.011
Urinary output 0.93 (0.85–1.01) 0.068
Crystalloid (/500 mL) 0.77 (0.57–1.04) 0.084
Hespander® (/500 mL) 2.05 (0.45–9.25) 0.35
Salinhes® (/500 mL) 0.53 (0.01–34.5) 0.77
Voluven® (/500 mL) 0.88 (0.31–2.53) 0.81
Red blood cells (/unit) 1.08 (0.89–1.30) 0.44
Fresh frozen plasma (/unit) 0.88 (0.79–0.99) 0.032
Platelet concentrates (/unit) 1.01 (0.95–1.07) 0.73
Autotransfusion (/unit) 0.78 (0.23–2.63) 0.68