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Table 1 Inpatients’ characteristics at surgery departments of the TH and NTH in Madhya Pradesh, India

From: Correction to: Perioperative antibiotic prescribing in surgery departments of two private sector hospitals in Madhya Pradesh, India

  All patients UUTSI LUTSI RASI EASI
TH, NTH, TH, NTH, TH, NTH, TH, NTH, TH, NTH,
N = 6171 N = 6263 N = 284 N = 741 N = 748 N = 824 N = 1394 N = 748 N = 482 N = 763
n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Age in years
 0–17 677 (11) a 377 (6) 21 (7) 36 (5) 45 (6) a 15 (2) 139 (10) a 26 (3) 72 (15) 91 (12)
 18–39 2018 (33) 2757 (44) a 159 (56) 425 (57) 69 (9) 119 (14) 320 (23) 281 (38) a 239 (50) 419 (55)
 40–59 1773 (29) 1689 (27) 78 (27) 197 (27) 150 (20) 148 (18) 453 (32) 222 (30) 108 (22) 188 (25)
 ≥ 60 1703 (28) a 1440 (23) 26 (9) 83 (11) 484 (65) 542 (66) 482 (35) 219 (29) 63 (13) 65 (8)
Male 4601 (75) a 4384 (70) 218 (77) 546 (74) 719 (96) 812 (99) 1182 (85) a 532 (71) 347 (72) 610 (80)
Female 1570 (25) 1879 (30) a 66 (23) 195 (26) 29 (4) 12 (1) 212 (15) 216 (29) a 135 (28) 153 (20)
Patients prescribed AB 5430 (88) 5402 (86) 251 (88) 624 (84) 748 (100) 823 (100) 1393 (100) a 628 (84) 482 (100) a 719 (94)
Total number of AB prescriptions (Np) 12,213 9598 563 1055 1624 1453 2767 1240 1435 1679
Prescriptions adherent to WHOLEM, Np (percentage of total nr. of prescriptions) 8039 (66) a 4019 (42) 309 (55) a 346 (33) 753 (46) a 346 (24) 1736 (63) a 510 (41) 1054 (73) a 790 (47)
Prescriptions adherent to NLEMI, Np (percentage of total nr. of prescriptions) 9119 (75) a 5487 (57) 342 (61) 592 (56) 880 (54) a 592 (41) 2025 (73) a 734 (59) 1173 (82) a 984 (59)
Average length of hospital stay, days [SD] 9.9 [10.0] a 4.6 [3.9] 9.1 [7.8] a 3.8 [3.2] 13.0 [11.3] a 5.0 [3.2] 9.8 [7.2] a 5.1 [4.0] 11.1 [9.5] a 6.3 [5.3]
Average length of AB treatment, days [SD] 9.5 [7.6] a 4.4 [3.2] 8.6 [6.9] a 3.6 [2.6] 11.5 [9.0] a 4.9 [3.0] 7.8 [5.3] a 4.4 [3.4] 9.0 [7.4] a 5.5 [4.0]
AB prescribed for 1 day 36 (1) 221 (7) 7 (2) 96 (13) 6 (1) 44 (5) 14 (1) 41 (5) 9 (2) 40 (5)
DDD/100 patient days 72.5 110.5 a 89.5 112.3 a 84.6 102.1 a 78.3 116.1 a 74.9 106.0 a
Total nr. of AB doses administered 65,288 28,600 2759 2950 9415 4733 13,890 4060 6270 7980
Total nr. of AB doses prescribed using generic names 16,322 (25) a 1716 (6) 607 (22) a 118 (4) 2542 (27) a 142 (3) 4584 (33) a 203 (5) 1693 (27) a 399 (5)
Total nr. of AB doses administered parenterally 34,613 (53) 19,639 (79) a 1335 (41) 2245 (76) a 3672 (39) 2603 (55) a 8195 (59) 3370 (83) a 4582 (75) 7339 (92) a
  1. Percentages were rounded off to integers, and standard deviations were rounded off to one decimal. Percentages are presented in parenthesis and standard deviations in square brackets. Significantly larger values are presented in italics
  2. Abbreviations: AB antibiotic, DDD defined daily dose, EASI emergency abdominal surgery indications, Np total number of antibiotic prescriptions, nr. number, LUTSI lower urinary tract surgery indications, NLEMI National List of Essential Medicines of India, NTH non-teaching hospital, RASI routine abdominal surgery indications, SD standard deviation, TH teaching hospital, UUTSI upper urinary tract surgery indications, WHOLEM WHO List of Essential Medicines
  3. a Significant p-values