Skip to main content

Advertisement

Springer Nature is making Coronavirus research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Table 4 Intraoperative management

From: Impact of an enhanced recovery pathway on length of stay and complications in elective radical cystectomy: a before and after cohort study

  Historical controls (N = 100) ERAS patient (N = 100) p value
ERAS pathway compliance
 Preoperative oral carbohydrate drink 0 (0.00%) 87 (87.00%) < 0.0011
  Unknown 0 (0.00%) 10 (10.00%)  
 Antibiotic prophylaxis in the OR 98 (98.00%) 100 (100.00%) 0.4971
 Thrombosis prophylaxis 62 (62.00%) 97 (97.00%) < 0.0011
 Epidural placed 74 (74.00%) 95 (95.00%) < 0.0011
 Any intraoperative block 4 (4.00%) 2 (2.00%) 0.6831
 PONV prophylaxis administered 80 (80.00%) 98 (98.00%) < 0.0011
 Number of PONV prophylaxis medications given 0.81 (0.46) 1.37 (0.54) < 0.0012
 Upper-body forced-air heating cover used 99 (99.00%) 99 (99.00%) 1.0001
 Hemodynamic monitor 13 (13.00%) 99 (99.00%) < 0.0011
  Unknown 11 (11.00%) 0 (0.00%)  
 Nasogastric tube used postoperatively 55 (55.00%) 30 (30.00%) < 0.0013
 Parenteral opioids given within 48 h postoperatively 32 (32.00%) 39 (39.00%) 0.3013
Fluids
 Intraoperative blood loss (mL) 1411.25 (901.84) 999.25 (549.87) 0.0012
 RBC transfusion 80 (80.00%) 48 (48.00%) < 0.0013
  RBC transfusion amount (mL) 945.47 (917.51) 408.26 (544.82) < 0.0012
 FFP transfusion 27 (27.00%) 9 (9.09%) 0.0013
  FFP transfusion amount (mL) 152.43 (322.96) 47.60 (167.12) 0.0012
 Cryoprecipitate transfusion 4 (4.00%) 3 (3.00%) 0.7003
  Cryoprecipitate transfusion amount (mL) 18.28 (110.27) 14.69 (125.73) 0.6932
 Platelet transfusion 6 (6.00%) 2 (2.00%) 0.1493
  Platelet transfusion amount (mL) 16.46 (79.20) 3.02 (30.00) 0.1492
 Lactated ringers 99 (99.00%) 100 (100.00%) 0.9991
  Lactated ringers amount (mL) 3297.83 (1759.02) 2402.88 (771.84) < 0.0012
 Saline 55 (55.00%) 23 (23.00%) < 0.0013
  Saline amount (mL) 456.00 (612.34) 131.50 (298.54) < 0.0012
 Hydroxyethyl starch 6% 38 (38.00%) 0 (0.00%) < 0.0011
  Hydroxyethyl starch 6% amount (mL) 533.50 (869.00) 0.00 (0.00) < 0.0012
 Albumin 5% 4 (4.00%) 67 (67.00%) < 0.0011
  Albumin 5% amount (mL) 27.72 (164.11) 832.75 (761.88) < 0.0012
 Total IV volume of colloids intraoperatively (mL) 1293.22 (1022.68) 1152.50 (689.19) 0.4602
 Total IV volume of crystalloids intraoperatively (mL) 3758.83 (1850.67) 2546.08 (827.96) < 0.0012
 Day of surgery, fluids ≥1 L 40 (40.40%) 43 (43.00%) 0.7103
  1. Continuous variables reported as mean (sd); categorical variables reported as frequency (percentage)
  2. 1Fisher exact
  3. 2Wilcoxon
  4. 3Chi-square