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Table 1 Patient demographics, surgical and anaesthetic details

From: A randomised trial of non-invasive cardiac output monitoring to guide haemodynamic optimisation in high risk patients undergoing urgent surgical repair of proximal femoral fractures (ClearNOF trial NCT02382185)

 ControlIntervention
 n = 120n = 121
Age (years)85.7 (7.5), range 57–10387.3 (6.1), range 67–98
Gender
 Female65 (54%)75 (62%)
 Male55 (46%)46 (38%)
BMI (kg/m2)23.7 (4.5)24.0 (4.4)
BSA (m2)1.7 (0.2)1.7 (0.2)
Co-morbidities
 Hypertension67 (56%)63 (53%)
 Angina14 (12%)12 (10%)
 Atrial fibrillation24 (20%)34 (28%)
 Myocardial infarction10 (8%)14 (12%)
 CABG7 (6%)2 (2%)
 Heart failure7 (6%)2 (1.7%)
 Chronic renal failure14 (12%)18 (15%)
 Previous stroke/TIA28 (23%)16 (13%)
 Diabetes21 (18%)14 (12%)
 COPD8 (7%)13 (11%)
Baseline BP
 Systolic (mmHg)145.0 (27.8), 46–222, n = 119142.5 (25.3), 72–231, n = 120
 Diastolic (mmHg)75.1 (14.0), 46–110, n = 11974.1 (14.8), 32–108, n = 120
 Mean (mmHg)98.7 (17.6), 61–15998.9 (17.9), 48–148
ASA grade
 10 (0%)1 (1%)
 212 (10%)23 (19%)
 383 (69%)75 (62%)
 425 (21%)22 (18%)
Anaesthetic
 General70 (58%)64 (53%)
 Spinal50 (42%)56 (47%)
Sedation (% of spinal patients)45 (90%)44 (77%)
Block62 (52%)64 (53%)
Type of block
 Fascia iliaca34 (28%)38 (32%)
 Femoral28 (23%)24 (20%)
 Unknown0 (0%)1 (1%)
 n/a58 (48%)57 (47%)
Grade of surgeon
 Consultant43 (36%)42 (35%)
 Fellow0 (0%)1 (1%)
 SPR55 (46%)62 (51%)
 Staff grade22 (18%)14 (12%)
 Not known0 (0%)1 (1%)
Surgery duration (mins)69.2 (27.8), 13–18165.0 (22.4), 6–148
Cemented implant (yes)58 (48%)58 (48%)
Implant
 Cannulated screws3 (3%)3 (3%)
 DHS37 (31%)45 (37%)
 Gamma nail13 (11%)9 (7%)
 Hemi-arthroplasty64 (53%)59 (49%)
 THR3 (3%)5 (4%)
  1. Note some percentage in each group may not add up to 100% due to rounding. All numbers are mean (SD) and range unless otherwise expressed as a percentage