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Table 5 Postoperative follow-up within 30 days of discharge

From: Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) program for lumbar spine fusion

  Pre-ERAS (n = 123) Post-ERAS (n = 96) *p value
Patient contacted 1 day after discharge 4 (3.3%) 9 (9.4%) 0.0803
Pain at postoperative wound visit (NPRS) 45.6 (25.3) 48.9 (26.0) 0.3575
Medications used at postoperative wound visit
 • NSAIDs 32 (26.0%) 24 (25.0%) 0.8728
 • Opioids, short-acting (immediate-release) 100 (81.3%) 80 (83.3%) 0.7247
 • Opioids, long-acting (extended-release, e.g., OxyContin, MSContin, Methadone) 18 (14.6%) 5 (5.2%) 0.0253
 • Anticonvulsants 27 (22.0%) 64 (66.7%) < .0001
 • Antidepressants 25 (20.3%) 22 (22.9%) 0.7416
 • Benzodiazepines 27 (22.0%) 23 (24.0%) 0.7449
 • Muscle relaxants 97 (78.9%) 63 (65.6%) 0.0348
 • Acetaminophen 49 (39.8%) 48 (50.0%) 0.1675
Signs of infection present 2 (1.6%) 2 (2.1%) 1.0000