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Table 3 Postoperative morbidity and mortality, length of hospital stay, and total hospital costs

From: Clinical and economic impact of goal-directed fluid therapy during elective gastrointestinal surgery

  GDFT (n = 201) Traditional (n = 200) p value
Cardiovascular complications 4 (2.0) 3 (1.5) 0.708
 Cardiac arrest (exclusive of death, n, %) 0 (0) 0 (0)
 Myocardial infarction (%) 0 (0) 1 (0.5) 0.315
 Acute cardiac failure (%) 1 (0.5) 2 (1.0) 0.559
 Stroke (%) 1 (0.5) 0 (0) 0.318
 Pulmonary embolism (%) 1 (0.5) 0 (0) 0.318
 Deep venous thrombosis (%) 1 (0.5) 0 (0) 0.318
Infectious complications 61 (30.3) 70 (35.0) 0.321
 Pneumonia (%) 34 (16.9) 48 (24.0) 0.079
 Wound infection (%) 23 (11.4) 17 (8.5) 0.325
 Urinary tract infection (%) 3 (1.5) 4 (2.0) 0.698
 Sepsis (%) 1 (0.5) 1 (0.5) 0.997
Gastrointestinal complications 12 (6.0) 15 (7.5) 0.541
 Ileus (%) 6 (3.0) 3 (1.5) 0.315
 Anastomotic fistula (%) 6 (3.0) 9 (4.5) 0.424
 Gastrointestinal bleeding (%) 0 (0) 3 (1.5) 0.081
Respiratory complications 2 (1.0) 1 (0.5) 0.565
 Acute respiratory failure (%) 1 (0.5) 1 (0.5) 0.997
 Unplanned reintubation (%) 1 (0.5) 0 (0) 0.318
Other complications 11 17 0.234
 Acute renal injury (%) 0 (0) 0 (0)
 Hepatic dysfunction (%) 7 (3.5) 12 (6.0) 0.235
 Wound dehiscence (%) 1 (0.5) 0 (0) 0.318
 Unplanned reoperation (%) 3 (1.5) 5 (2.5) 0.471
Patients with one or more complications (%) 62 (30.8) 88 (44.0) 0.006
Readmission within postoperative 30 days (%) 5 (2.5) 9 (4.5) 0.430
Mortality within postoperative 30 days (%) 2 (1.0) 1 (0.5) 0.565
Postoperative length of hospital (median (IQR), day) 10 (8–14) 10 (8–13) 0.104
Total hospital cost (mean ± SD, RMB) 76,793 ± 26,522 74,444 ± 32,705 0.430
Total hospital cost (mean ± SD, $US*) 11,820 ± 4082 11,458 ± 5034  
  1. *Exchange rate from June 22, 2018