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Table 2 Intraoperative fluid administration and balance, use of vasoactive agents

From: Clinical and economic impact of goal-directed fluid therapy during elective gastrointestinal surgery

  GDFT (n = 201) Traditional (n = 200) p value
Crystalloids (mean ± SD, mL) 1678 ± 361 1576 ± 466 0.014
Colloids (mean ± SD, mL) 672 ± 363 700 ± 289 0.390
Crystalloids + colloids (mean ± SD, mL) 2350 ± 572 2276 ± 612 0.210
Packed red blood cells (mean ± SD, mL) 48 ± 138 22 ± 90 0.022
Fresh frozen plasma (mean ± SD, mL) 13 ± 68 3 ± 24 0.047
Blood loss (mean ± SD, mL) 120 ± 162 90 ± 94 0.025
Urine output (mean ± SD, mL) 707 ± 466 467 ± 357 < 0.001
Net fluids balance (mean ± SD, mL) 1583 ± 562 1743 ± 571 0.005
Use of ephedrine (yes/no, n) 92/109 83/117 0.389
Use of norepinephrine (yes/no, n) 117/84 107/93 0.342
Use of dobutamine (yes/no, n) 44/157 14/186 < 0.001