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Table 1 Breastfeeding success and antiemetic use, demographics, comorbidities, and delivery characteristics

From: Association of postoperative nausea/vomiting and pain with breastfeeding success

Patient Characteristics Unsuccessful Breastfeeding Successful Breastfeeding p value
Total Number of Patients n = 11 n = 81  
Antiemetic Use
 PACU Antiemetics 2 (18.2%) 12 (14.8%) 0.67
 48 Hour Antiemetics 4 (36.4%) 23 (28.4%) 0.73
Demographics
 Age (Years) - Median (IQR) 33 (28 - 34) 33 (28 - 36) 0.66
 Height (cm) - Median (IQR) 160 (157 - 165) 162 (157 - 167) 0.44
 Weight (kg) - Median (IQR) 93 (70- 100) 84.5 (74 - 94.5) 0.68
 BMI (kg/m2) - Median (IQR) 35.4 (27.1, 39.6) 32 (28.3 - 36) 0.53
 Ethnicity (Caucasian vs. Non) 7 (63.6%) 53 (65.4%) 1
 Parity (≥1) 4 (36.4%) 70 (86.4%) <0.001
 ASA Classification
  - ASA I 2 (18.2%) 32 (39.5%) 0.32
  - ASA II 8 (72.7%) 45 (55.6%)
  - ASA III 1 (9.1%) 4 (4.9%)
 Gestational Age (Weeks) - Median (IQR) 39 (38 - 39) 39 (39 - 39.2) 0.07
Comorbidities
 Any Co-Morbidity 10 (90.9%) 41 (50.6%) 0.02
 History of PONV 0 (0%) 13 (16.5%) 0.35
 Diabetes 3 (27.3%) 6 (7.4%) 0.07
 Asthma 5 (45.5%) 5 (6.2%) 0.002
 Other Condition 4 (36.4%) 31 (38.3%) 1
Delivery Characteristics
Indications for cesarean delivery
  Repeat Cesarean 4 (36.4%) 60 (75.0%) 0.01
  Malpresentation 1 (9.1%) 10 (12.7%) 1
  Macrosomia 2 (18.2%) 2 (2.5%) 0.07
  Multiple gestation 1 (9.1%) 4 (5.0%) 0.48
 Anesthetic technique
  - Spinal 8 (72.7%) 80 (98.8%) 0.005
  - Combined Spinal Epidural 3 (27.3%) 1 (1.2%)
 Any Intraoperative Sedatives or Analgesics 2 (18.2%) 19 (23.5%) 1
 Any Intraoperative Antiemetics 6 (54.6%) 50 (63.3%) 0.74