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Table 2 Summary of complications after liver resection

From: Comparison of risk-scoring systems in the prediction of outcome after liver resection

Grade III complications (%) 15 (8.6)
 • Bile leak requiring ERCP 3 (1.7)
 • Bile leak requiring drain 4 (2.3)
 • Infected collection requiring drain 1 (0.6)
 • Further surgery required 2 (1.1)
  • Open drainage of collection following colonic injury,  
  • Laparotomy undertaken for ileus  
 • Pneumothorax requiring drain 1 (0.6)
 • Cardiac pacing 1 (0.6)
 • Ascites requiring drain 1 (0.6)
 • Pleural effusion requiring drain 1 (0.6)
 • Gastric burn secondary to radiofrequency ablation 1 (0.6)
Grade IV and V complications (%) 37 (21.3)
 • Liver failure alone 24 (13.8)
 • Renal failure alone 6 (3.4)
 • Liver and renal failure 6 (3.4)
 • Heart failure 2 (1.1)
 • Death 2 (1.1)
  1. Summary of Clavien-Dindo grade III–V postoperative complications following 172 liver resections in 168 patients. Some patients suffered more than one complication