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Fig. 3 | Perioperative Medicine

Fig. 3

From: Fluid resuscitation practices in cardiac surgery patients in the USA: a survey of health care providers

Fig. 3

First choice of IV fluid for patients needing volume expansion in the presence of blood loss during CPB when blood transfusion is not indicated (adequate Hb)a (scenario 2, n = 124). CPB, cardiopulmonary bypass; Hb, hemoglobin; HES, hydroxyethyl starch; IV, intravenous. Superscript A denotes the difference between specialties that are statistically significant at P < .05. aResponses to the following question: Which of the following is your first choice for a patient who needs volume expansion in the presence of blood loss when blood transfusion is not indicated (adequate Hb) during cardiovascular surgery with CPB?

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