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Table 5 Multiple logistic regression for risk factors for developing pulmonary complications after surgery

From: The prevalence of pulmonary complications after thoracic and abdominal surgery and associated risk factors in patients admitted at a government hospital in Harare, Zimbabwe-a retrospective study

Characteristic Postoperative pulmonary complication OR (95% CI) p value
Yes No
Age, mean ± sd 45.8 ± 17.2 40.2 ± 19.1 0.99 (0.93–1.06) 0.826
Gender
Female 13 24 1 0.857
Male 26 29 0.85 (0.15–4.89)
Smoking history
No 29 45 1 0.069
Yes 10 8 0.06 (0.00–1.24)
Alcohol consumption history
No 23 42 1 0.060
Yes 16 11 7.02 (0.92–53.46)
Duration period of surgery (min), mean ± sd 148.8 ± 75.0 82.7 ± 35.7 1.03 (1.01–1.05) 0.003a
Length of hospital stay (days), mean ± sd 14 ± 7.6 6.3 ± 7.7 1.21 (1.03–1.42) 0.019a
Incision type
Lower 2 18 1 0.313
Middle 30 30 5.06 (0.22–118.10)
Upper 7 5 2.89 (0.04–194.32) 0.621
Category of diagnosis
 Inflammations 17 34 1 0.476
 Infective 7 10 0.50 (0.07–3.41)
 Trauma 5 3 0.43 (0.03–6.73) 0.550
 Masses 10 6 2.68 (0.28–26.03) 0.394
Comorbidities
None 17 42 1 0.066
Present 22 11 6.01 (0.89–40.66)
  1. aDenotes statitically significant