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Table 2 Demographic risk factors for postoperative pulmonary complications

From: The prevalence of pulmonary complications after thoracic and abdominal surgery and associated risk factors in patients admitted at a government hospital in Harare, Zimbabwe-a retrospective study

Characteristic Postoperative pulmonary complication OR (95% CI) p value
Yes No
Age, mean ± sd 45.8 ± 17.2 40.2 ± 19.1 1.02 (0.99–1.04) 0.156
Gender
Female 13 24 1 0.250
Male 26 29 1.66 (0.70–3.90)
Smoking history
No 29 45 1 0.212
Yes 10 8 1.94 (0.69–5.49)
Alcohol consumption history
No 23 42 1 0.038
Yes 16 11 2.66 (1.06–6.67)