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Table 1 Demographics and clinical information for the patients (n = 92)

From: The prevalence of pulmonary complications after thoracic and abdominal surgery and associated risk factors in patients admitted at a government hospital in Harare, Zimbabwe-a retrospective study

Characteristics PPCs present PPCs absent
Sample size, n (%) 39 (42.4) 53 (57.6)
Age, mean(SD) 45.8 (17.2) 40.0 (19.1)
Gender-males, n (%) 26 (66.7) 29 (54.7)
Duration of surgery/min, mean(SD) 148.8 (75.0) 82.7 (35.7)
Length of CCU stay/days, mean(SD) 6.4 (7.3) 0.6 (1.3)
Hospital stay/days, mean(SD) 14 (7.6) 6.3 (7.7)
Cause of surgery, n (%)
 Disease 35 (89.7) 47 (88.7)
 Accidents 4 (10.3) 6 (11.3)
Type of surgery, n (%)
 Abdominal 34 (87.2) 50 (94.3)
 Cardiothoracic 5 (12.8) 3 (5.7)
Types of comorbidities, n (%)
 None 18 (46.1) 41 (77.4)
 HIV 9 (23.1) 5 (7.5)
 Hypertension 8 (20.5) 4 (7.5)
 Diabetics 2 (5.1) 2 (3.7)
 Previous pulmonary disease (COPD) 1 (2.6) 0
 Renal disease 1 (2.6) 1 (1.9)
Post-op physiotherapy, n (%)
 Yes 38 (97.4) 14 (26.4)
 No 1 (2.6) 39 (73.6)