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Table 3 Risks and benefits of various bowel prep solutions

From: American Society for Enhanced Recovery (ASER) and Perioperative Quality Initiative (POQI) joint consensus statement on prevention of postoperative infection within an enhanced recovery pathway for elective colorectal surgery

Name Advantages Disadvantages
Polyethylene glycol (PEG) Safe Large volume, poor taste
Sulfate-free PEG Safe, better taste Large volume
Low-volume PEG and bisacodyl Safe, lower volume (2 vs. 4 L) Still large volume
Sodium phosphate Small volume Electrolyte and fluid shifts, caution in cardiac/liver/renal dysfunction/elderly/dehydrated
Magnesium citrate Low volume Electrolyte and fluid shifts