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Table 3 Changes in physical activity variables (week 0–week 6)

From: Physical activity levels in locally advanced rectal cancer patients following neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and an exercise training programme before surgery: a pilot study

Physical activity variables Group Week 0 Week 3 Week 6 Change, % change p value
Step count (steps/day) Exercise (n = 23) 3723 (2867) 6333 (5291) 5401 (3869) −1544 (5800), 22 (52) 0.728
Usual care control (n = 10) 2274 (3690) 6422 (7158) 4792 (4370) 1580 (1732), 57 (70)  
MET Exercise (n = 23) 1.3 (0.4) 1.5 (0.4) 1.5 (0.5) −0.1 (0.6), 7 (38) 0.440
Usual care control (n = 10) 1.1 (0.2) 1.2 (0.3) 1.5 (0.5) 0.2 (2), 17 (174)  
Active EE (kcal/day) Exercise (n = 23) 152 (154) 355 (486) 434 (658) 181 (1228), 46 (92) 0.743
Usual care control (n = 10) 244 (198) 322 (517) 392 (701) 320 (1368), 110 (284)  
PA duration (min/day) Exercise (n = 23) 38 (68) 76 (70) 84 (110) 35 (185), 41 (105) 0.992
Usual care control (n = 10) 39 (46) 66 (89) 89 (132) 85 (243), 100 (276)  
Lying down (min/day)* Exercise (n = 23) 360 (352) 95 (438) 47 (476) 18 (332), 4 (82) 0.029
Usual care control (n = 10) 541 (360) 321 (352) 341 (372) 10 (292), 2 (82)  
Sleep efficiency (%)* Exercise (n = 7) 78 (13) 78 (14) 80 (15) 6 (28), 6 (39) 0.022
Usual care control (n = 7) 69 (24) 66 (14) 76 (20) 6 (11), 7 (17)  
Sleep duration (min/day)* Exercise (n = 23) 190 (265) 405 (70) 369 (81) 0 (141), 1 (52) 0.028
Usual care control (n = 10) 265 (315) 197 (244) 299 (39) 143 (235), 3 (112)  
Total EE (kcal/day) Exercise (n = 23) 1707 (921) 1949 (769) 1869 (924) −2 (1177), −0.1 (63) 0.701
Usual care control (n = 10) 1741 (416) 1962 (730) 1673 (1169) 147 (2705), 7 (147)  
  1. Values presented as median (IQR). Absolute change (no brackets) and relative (percentage) change (in brackets) at week 6 from baseline (pre-neoadjuvant CRT presented in Table 2) within the groups. All data is averaged over the 72-h period of PA monitoring. Note: due to an upgrade in software at the time of data collection, sleep efficiency is reported in 7/23 (exercise) and 7/10 (usual care control)
  2. *p < 0.05 is taken as statistically significant