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Table 2 Rates of infusion of glucose 5 % required for reaching various predetermined target steady-state concentrations of plasma glucose (left) and rates of infusion required to reach the target within 30 min (right)

From: How fast can glucose be infused in the perioperative setting?

Study group Infusion rate (ml/min) at steady state Infusion rate (ml/min) to reach target after 30 min
7 mmol/l 9 mmol/l 12 mmol/l 7 mmol/l 9 mmol/l 12 mmol/l
Healthy volunteers 4.5 (2.1) 8.9 (3.7) 15.5 (6.2) 5.7 (2.6) 11.3 (4.3) 19.7 (7.1)
1 day before hip replacement surgery 2.1 (1.2) 4.5 (1,9) 8.1 (3.3) 3.7 (1.5) 7.8 (2.0) 14.0 (2.8)
During hernia surgery 0.6 (0.2) 1.6 (0.3) 3.0 (0.5) 2.3 (0.9) 5.7 (1.4) 10.9 (2.3)
During laparoscopic cholecystectomy 1.4 (0.6) 2.8 (0.9) 4.9 (1.4) 2.7 (1.3) 5.6 (1.5) 9.9 (2.1)
During open abdominal surgery 0.6 (0.4) 1.3 (0.2) 2.2 (1.1) 2.3 (1.6) 5.5 (1.8) 10.3 (2.5)
2–3 h after hip replacement surgery 1.0 (0.9) 2.6 (1.2) 5.1 (1.7) 2.1 (2.2) 6.0 (2.4) 11.7 (2.9)
1 day after hip replacement surgery 0.7 (0.8) 2.6 (1.3) 5.4 (2.1) 1.4 (1.6) 5.2 (1.9) 11.1 (2.6)
2 days after hysterectomy 1.3 (1.2) 4.4 (1.6) 9.0 (2.4) 1.8 (1.5) 6.1 (1.7) 12.6 (2.5)
  1. All rates are adapted for subjects weighing 70 kg. Data are the mean (SD). Calculations begin with the actual baseline plasma glucose level of each subject