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Table 2 Hospital length of stay (HLOS), 30-day readmission rate, and costs in patients with one or more complications (with) and in patients without any complications (without)

From: Potential return on investment for implementation of perioperative goal-directed fluid therapy in major surgery: a nationwide database study

Surgery HLOS, days, median [IQR] Readmission rate, % Cost, dollara, mean ± SD
n With Without With Without With Without
All 7 [4–10] 4 [3–5] 17.2 11.9 27,607 ± 32,788 15,783 ± 12,282
204,680
AAA open repair 8 [6–14] 6 [4–7] 16.5 8.7 48,002 ± 48,841 24,619 ± 14,543
2328
Vascular bypass 6 [4–9] 3 [2–5] 21.3 14.1 31,979 ± 30,386 16,849 ± 12,543
16,336
Esophagectomy 13 [9–20] 9 [8–11] 18.5 15.4 67,924 ± 65,377 37,382 ± 17,973
690
Gastrectomy 4 [2–10] 2 [1, 2] 12.7 5.2 27,794 ± 33,530 12,641 ± 9,452
25,118
Colectomy 8 [5–11] 4 [3–6] 15.2 9.0 27,851 ± 29,286 14,755 ± 10,524
75,121
Resection of rectum 7 [5–11] 5 [3–6] 15.2 10.4 26,916 ± 24,466 15,979 ± 18,855
10,753
Hepatectomy 7 [5–11] 5 [3–6] 17.9 9.4 37,315 ± 38,100 20,272 ± 13,566
2362
Pancreatectomy 11 [8–18] 7 [5–9] 26.1 18.6 50,559 ± 46,784 27,488 ± 19,653
3569
Cystectomy 10 [7–14] 7 [6–8] 29.2 21.9 41,128 ± 38,293 25,978 ± 15,061
2552
F&H fracture repair 5 [4–7] 4 [3–5] 18.9 17.4 22,218 ± 32,644 16,805 ± 12,167
65,851
  1. All comparisons “with vs. without” were statistically significant with p < 0.0001
  2. AAA abdominal aortic aneurysm, F&H femur and hip
  3. aFor patients with valid cost data, unadjusted
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