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Table 4 Odds ratios for factors associated with postoperative problematic behaviors

From: Postsurgical behaviors in children with and without symptoms of sleep-disordered breathing

  OR (95% CI)
  Univariate Multivariate
Young age (<5 years) 1.26 (0.85–1.87)  
Female gender 0.78 (0.53–1.15)  
Overweight/obese 1.97 (1.03–3.79)*  
T & A surgery 7.30 (3.1–17.31)* 9.89 (3.16–30.97)†
Perioperative opioids 1.27 (0.80–2.00)  
SDBa 3.35 (1.86–6.03)*  
Pre surgery snoringa 3.18 (1.84–5.50)*  
Posthospital snoringa 2.42 (1.25–4.69)*  
Pre surgery daytime sleepinessa 2.39 (1.37–4.15)*  
Posthospital daytime sleepinessa 2.74 (1.53–4.90)* 2.80 (1.31–5.99)†
  1. Behaviors reported as “more/much more” than normal.
  2. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval, T & A adenotonsillectomy, SDB sleep-disordered breathing.
  3. *P < 0.01, †P < 0.01 Wald test.
  4. aBased on scores of ≥0.33 on the SDB subscale and the snoring and sleepiness subscales, respectively.