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Table 3 Comparison of postoperative behaviors from the Post Hospitalization Behavior Questionnaire

From: Postsurgical behaviors in children with and without symptoms of sleep-disordered breathing

Behavior No SDB SDB OR (95% CI)
General anxiety subscale:    
  Needs a pacifier 7 (3.0) 2 (2.3) 0.76 (0.18–3.30)
  Afraid to leave the house with you 4 (1.7) 5 (5.7) 3.49 (0.99–12.32)
  Uninterested in things about them 5 (2.1) 3 (3.4) 1.63 (0.42–6.33)
  Bites fingernails 1 (0.4) 1 (1.1) 2.70 (0.28–26.15)
  Avoids/afraid of new things 6 (2.5) 7 (7.9) 3.31 (1.13–9.69)*
  Difficulty deciding 9 (3.8) 9 (10.2) 2.87 (1.13–7.29)*
  Irregular bowel habits 40 (16.9) 25 (28.4) 1.94 (1.10–3.44)*
  Sucks fingers/thumbs 4 (1.7) 1 (1.1) 0.67 (0.09–4.52)
Separation anxiety subscale:    
  Upset when parent leaves 26 (11.0) 16 (18.2) 1.79 (0.92–3.51)
  Upset when doctors or hospitals mentioned 28 (11.9) 15 (17.1) 1.53 (0.78–2.99)
  Follows parent around the house 21 (8.9) 18 (20.5) 2.63 (1.34–5.18)*
  Seeks attention 33 (13.9) 25 (28.4) 2.44 (1.36–4.39)*
  Bad dreams/wakes a lot 27 (11.4) 35 (39.8) 5.11 (2.86–9.15)*
Sleep anxiety subscale:    
  Fussy going to bed 9 (3.8) 9 (10.2) 2.87 (1.13–7.29)*
  Afraid of the dark 6 (2.5) 6 (6.8) 2.81 (0.93–8.50)
  Difficulty going to sleep 19 (8.0) 7 (7.9) 0.99 (0.41–2.38)
Eating disturbances subscale:    
  Fussy about eating 16 (6.8) 30 (34.1) 7.11 (3.66–13.83)*
  Spends time doing nothing/lying around 43 (18.2) 33 (37.5) 2.69 (1.57–4.63)*
  Poor appetite 25 (10.6) 41 (46.6) 7.36 (4.09–13.23)*
Aggression against authority subscale:    
  Temper tantrums 22 (9.3) 24 (27.3) 3.65 (1.93–6.89)*
  Disobeys 20 (8.47) 21 (23.9) 3.39 (1.74–6.57)*
Apathy/withdrawal subscale:    
  Wets the bed 10 (4.2) 7 (7.9) 1.95 (0.74–5.14)
  Needs help doing things 30 (12.7) 17 (19.3) 1.64 (0.86–3.14)
  Lack of interest in games/toys 8 (3.39) 9 (10.2) 3.25 (1.25–8.44)*
  Difficult getting child to talk 7 (2.9) 12 (13.6) 5.17 (2.02–13.19)*
  Shy with strangers 9 (3.8) 5 (5.7) 1.52 (0.52–4.46)
  Breaks toys/objects 7 (2.9) 5 (5.7) 1.97 (0.64–6.06)
  1. Behaviors reported as “more/much more” than normal. Data are n (%).
  2. SDB sleep-disordered breathing, OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval.
  3. *P < 0.05.