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Table 3 Association between preoperative severity, postoperative complications, and outcomes

From: Incidence, outcome, and attributable resource use associated with pulmonary and cardiac complications after major small and large bowel procedures

Severity quintiles Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q5 Total
(n = 8,403) (n = 9,976) (n = 8,846) (n = 9,174) (n = 9,574) (n = 45,969)
Complication rate (%)       
  PPC alone 10.5 14.5 13.9 20.3 34.7 19.0
  PCC alone 0.2 1.3 0.8 1.3 2.2 1.2
  PPC and PCC 0.3 1.1 1.0 1.4 4.7 1.7
  Any complication 11.0 16.9 15.7 23.0 41.7 21.9
Base mortality (%) 0.1 0.4 0.3 0.7 2.2 0.7
Incremental mortality (%)       
  PPC alone 5.2 7.9 8.3 8.5 15.8 11.2
  PCC alone 3.1 7.5 6.4 8.7 15.6 12.0
  PPC and PCC 13.5 35.0 33.8 32.9 36.3 35.5
Base cost ($) 14,875 15,438 16,017 17,462 20,784 16,672
Incremental cost ($)       
  PPC alone 22,199 24,199 24,658 26,817 26,508 25,498
  PCC alone 5,524 5,528 9,070 4,057 9,765 7,307
  PPC and PCC 45,308 48,950 38,096 30,884 31,394 34,872
Base ICU use (%) 6.0 9.0 8.2 11.8 23.3 11.0
Incremental ICU use (%)       
  PPC alone 42.0 45.7 50.2 54.0 52.7 54.0
  PCC alone 9.8 24.9 33.1 20.4 25.2 28.5
  PPC and PCC 71.2 67.1 75.3 68.3 59.9 70.6
Base post-op ICU LOS (days) 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.7 0.3
Incremental post-op ICU LOS (days)       
  PPC alone 3.0 4.0 3.7 4.6 5.0 4.5
  PCC alone 0.4 0.7 1.0 0.6 1.4 1.1
  PPC and PCC 7.5 8.0 7.5 6.7 6.5 7.1
Base post-op floor LOS (days) 5.9 6.3 6.4 6.6 7.6 6.5
Incremental post-op floor LOS (days)       
  PPC alone 3.0 4.0 3.7 4.6 5.0 4.5
  PCC alone 0.4 0.7 1.0 0.6 1.4 1.1
  PPC and PCC 7.5 8.0 7.5 6.7 6.5 7.1