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Table 2 Incidence and hospital mortality for postoperative complications

From: Incidence, outcome, and attributable resource use associated with pulmonary and cardiac complications after major small and large bowel procedures

Complications Cases (% of group) Rate (%) Mortality (%)
Pulmonary    
  Pneumonia 2,249 (23.6) 4.9 14.4
  Tracheobronchitis 434 (4.5) 0.9 6.2
  Pleural effusion 1,584 (16.6) 3.4 13.7
  Pulmonary collapse 3,499 (36.7) 7.6 6.2
  Pneumothorax 189 (2.0) 2.0 24.9
  Respiratory failure 5,686 (59.6) 12.4 21.8
  MV48a 2,807 (29.4) 6.1 28.5
  Any pulmonary 9,547 20.8 13.9
Cardiac    
  Ventricular fibrillation 63 (4.7) 0.1 61.9
  AMI 570 (42.2) 1.2 26.7
  Cardiogenic shock 64 (4.7) 0.1 57.8
  Cardiopulmonary arrest 220 (16.3) 0.5 70.9
  Transient ischemia 47 (3.5) 0.1 2.1
  PVC 367 (27.2) 0.8 6.0
  Acute CHF 175 (13.0) 0.4 14.9
  Any cardiac 1,350 2.9 26.6
  1. aMechanical ventilation more than 48 h after surgery.