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Table 1 Major small and large bowel procedure cohort characteristic, overall and by postoperative complication group

From: Incidence, outcome, and attributable resource use associated with pulmonary and cardiac complications after major small and large bowel procedures

Variables All No PPC/PCC PPC alone PCC alone PPC and PCC
(n = 45,969) (n = 35,875) (n = 8,744) (n = 547) (n = 803)
Rate (%)   78.0 19.0 1.2 1.8
Hospital mortality (%) 3.6 0.7 11.9 12.6 36.1
Age (mean, years) 62.9 61.3 67.8 73.7 74.5
Age group (%)      
  18–34 5.4 6.2 3.2 0.9 0.6
  35–54 23.8 26.5 15.6 6.2 5.7
  55–64 21.3 22.3 18.5 14.3 10.8
  65–74 22.2 21.7 23.7 23.9 25.7
  75–84 19.7 17.6 26.0 35.8 37.0
  85+ 7.5 5.8 12.9 18.8 20.2
Sex, male (%) 45.1 45.0 45.3 49.2 46.8
Race (%)      
  White 70.2 70.2 69.7 72.4 71.5
  Black 10.4 10.0 12.0 11.2 12.0
  Other 19.4 19.8 18.3 16.5 16.6
Charlson-Deyo co-morbidity (%)      
  Diabetes 15.8 14.6 19.9 22.7 24.7
  Complicated diabetes 1.4 1.1 2.3 2.2 3.1
  Chronic pulmonary disease 8.0 5.9 16.0 12.6 16.6
  Chronic renal disease 6.4 4.4 12.9 14.1 21.2
  Neoplasm 5.7 5.0 8.5 5.3 7.2
  Metastatic neoplasm 13.1 12.6 14.6 14.6 14.1
  Cerebrovascular disease 1.1 0.9 1.9 1.5 2.7
  Dementia 0.3 0.2 0.6 1.1 0.6
  Prior myocardial infarction 4.0 3.5 5.0 11.5 10.5
  Para- and quadriplegia 0.4 0.3 0.9 0.9 1.4
  Peripheral vascular disease 3.1 2.3 5.5 9.9 9.2
  Chronic rheumatic disease 2.2 1.9 3.2 2.5 3.2
  Mild liver disease 0.9 0.7 1.7 1.1 1.7
  Severe liver disease 0.4 0.2 1.1 0.4 1.2
  HIV 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0
Any co-morbidity 37.2 34.1 47.2 53.2 55.8
Mean number 0.6 0.5 0.9 1.0 1.2